A photograph of The Dorchester in black and white

The Dorchester

History of The Dorchester

From the moment the famous doors of The Dorchester first opened back in 1931, it has attracted high-profile guests and those with a taste for the finer things in life.

Take a trip back in time with us to share some of our favourite historic highlights.
A historical drawing of William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror

Back in the 11th century, Mayfair was known as the ‘Manor of Hyde’ and owned by William the Conqueror. He gave the land to Geoffrey de Mandeville, Constable of the Tower of London, who bequeathed it to the canons of Westminster Abbey.

A historical sketch of the view from Park Lane
Dorchester House

In 1792 the Earl of Dorchester, Joseph Damer, bought a house which stood on the exact spot where our hotel now stands. His house became known as ‘Dorchester House’, which explains where our own name comes from.

A photograph in Black and white of the Grand Salon at The Dorchester
Holford Room event space

In 1853 Robert Holford built a grand Italian palazzo-style house to replace the original, but it kept the same name. In his honour we have an event space called the ‘Holford Room’ – we trust he would approve.

A photograph of The Dorchester, Park Lane, London
Dorchester House in occupation of the American Ambassador, Mr Whitelaw Reid

By 1910 Dorchester House became the American Embassy and was later used as a hospital during World War I, before being demolished in 1929.

An exterior photograph of The Dorchester Hotel in black and white
The newly built hotel

Sir Robert McAlpine created a vision for what he considered to be the perfect hotel. His vision became a reality when The Dorchester opened its doors on April 20, 1931. The state-of-the-art design was built in record time over 18 months, at the speed of a floor a week, to become the world’s first hotel to be constructed from reinforced concrete.

A painting of The Ballroom at The Dorchester in the 1930's
Illustration of our ballroom in the 1930s

Throughout our history we’ve been favoured by royalty and celebrities, hosting countless state banquets and legendary parties. In the 1930s we were particularly popular with writers and artists attending Foyles Literary Luncheons.

A photograph of The Dorchester in black and white during the war
The Dorchester entrance in 1942

During World War II General Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the American Forces in Europe, stayed with us while planning the Normandy invasion. Our Eisenhower Suite is decorated in his honour with historical memorabilia.

A photograph of the Queen in the Ballroom at The Dorchester in black and white
HM Queen Elizabeth II and HRH Prince Philip at a charity event in our ballroom, 1948

Between 1946 and 1948 after the war, The Dorchester hosted an average of one charity ball a week. Most of these were attended by a member of the British royal family.

A photograph of Coronation day at The Dorchester
Messel’s decorations for HM Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation, 1953

We celebrated the coronation of HM Queen Elizabeth II in 1953 by inviting leading British stage set designer Oliver Messel to decorate the hotel façade. The decorations were said to be the best in London.

A photograph of the outside of The Dorchester Hotel

Over the years we’ve become affectionately known as ‘The Dorch’ and in 1981 we achieved official Grade II listed status, marking us out as a building of special interest.

Following a major refurbishment, the reopening of The Dorchester was commemorated on November 26, 1990 by HRH Prince Philip unveiling a plaque in the lobby.